This is the family deity of the Bhosale royal family members and the Yadavs. The founder of the Maratha kingdom, Shivaji Maharaj always visited the temple to seek her blessings. It is stated that Goddess gave him a sword for achievement of his expeditions.
According to the Skanda Purana, when Kardam sage died, his wife "Anubuti" had performed a penance at the banks of river "Mandakini " for Bhavani mata to look after her infant kid. Whilst performing the penance, a demon known as "Kukur" tried to disturb her penance, when the Goddess came to the aid of "Anubuti" and killed the demon "Kukur". From that day onwards, Goddess Bhavani came to be known as Tulja Bhavani. The temple is located on the hill of "Bala ghat".
In this temple, the idol of the Goddess Tulja Bhawani is `swayambhu`(self evolved). Goddess Shri Bhavani is worshipped in the form of the a 3-foot high granite image, with eight arms holding weapons, bearing the head of the slain demon Mahishasura. Goddess Shri Bhavani is also known as Tulaja, Turaja, Tvarita and Amba.
There are two primary entrances to get to the main temple. One is called the Raja Shahaji Mahadwar, and the other as Rajmata Jijavu main gate. Going through the Sardar Nimbalkar Pravesh Dwar, there is the Markandeya rishi`s temple in the correct.
Following obtaining down through the stairs, comes the primary Tulja Devi temple. The `yagna kund` is in front of this temple. There are also Amruth Kund and Duth temple in the premises. A Siddhi Vinayak temple adorns the left side of the primary gate, to the right being the Aadishakti, and Aadimata Matangadevi temple respectively. A temple of Goddess Annapurna is also present in the premises. According to the legends, a demon, Matanga was wreaking havoc upon the gods and humans. They approached the assist of Lord Brahma. Based on his advice,Goddess Shakti, who took the form of a destroyer and powered by (Sapta ) Maataa Varaahi, Brahmi, Vaishnavi, Kaumaari Indraani and Saambhavi, vanquished the demon Matanga and rendered a peace regime. Legend also states that Bhawani finished another demon that had taken up the disguise of a buffalo (Mahisha), and took shelter on the Yamunachala hill, which is now home to the Tuljabhawani temple.